Leviathan: The world serpent. This is kind of like the Ouroboros in the negative worldly aspect. Just as the Ouroborus refers to infinity and the cycle, Leviathan is inside the cycle. Some systems has them of basically the same thing with one referring to the inside, and the other the outside. (See; Kyklos)

Leviathan, Behemoth and Ziz

Leviathan, Behemoth and Ziz

Levite: In the Jewish tradition, a Levite is a member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi. The Levites were the only one of the Israelite tribes who received cities but no tribal land when Joshua led the Israelites into the land of Canaan. The Tribe of Levi served particular religious duties for the Israelites and had political responsibilities as well. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levite

”The Jews sent priests and Levites to question John because it was fitting for these people to concern themselves with, and investigate these matters, for they were firmly devoted to God, and because he (John) was of the Levitical tribe.” (Heracleon Frg. 5.)

Acts 4: 36-37. ”And Joses, who by the apostles was surnamed Barnabas, (which is, being interpreted, the son of consolation,) a Levite, and of the country of Cyprus, (37) Having land, sold it, and brought the money, and laid it at the apostles’ feet.”

See also; http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09206a.htm

The tribe is named after Levi, one of the twelve sons of Jacob (also called Israel).

Levi had three sons: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari (Genesis 46:11).

Levi Melcha
Gershon Kohath Merari Jochebed
Amram Izhar Hebron Uzziel
Miriam Aaron Moses

Light: (Light Bringers, Sons of Light) The aeons of the Protennoia, or Mother of Light, or Word in the Voice. The first aeon, Armedon=Nousanios=Arzomel. 2nd aeon, Phrinonios=Ainios= Oroial. 3rd aeon Mellephanes=Loios= Daveithai (David/Daveithe). 4th aeon, Maousanios=Amethes=Eleleth. (See; ”Trimorphic Protennoia,” ”Gospel of the Egyptians,” ”Allogenes,” others.)

Lithargoel: Name used by the entity in ”The Acts of Peter and the Twelve Apostles,” who reveals himself as Jesus in the city of Habitation. http://www.gnosis.org/naghamm/actp.html

Logos: Often translated as “Word,” it’s true meaning is much more multifunctional (a better translation would be “reason”). Logos was an ancient Greek term referring to “reasoned speech,” later adapted by the ”Gospel of John” to signify Christ. Logos, Word, and Tao, are synonymous. (See; Pleroma, Cosmology, and Cosmogony.)

The term for Sethians and Valentinians can be synonymous with the Word of God as an emanation of truth, or as a reflection of man’s divine or Aeon form in the Pleroma. In both Sethian and Platonic Christian Gnosticism logos refers to a system of order, reason, and knowledge. Aristotle characterized logos as an examination of a premise using both inductive and deductive logic, i.e. checks and balances. The concept of truth in the Logos in Sethian Christianity is shown with the following algorithm used in Trivium Method logic. This principle is based upon a tripartite union where three roads meet to form one road, and where four roads or the tetrad meets in the center it forms a single point: (1st Premise/Monad A=C) (2nd Supporting Premise/Duad A=B = B=C) (Synthesis/Triad of A=B=C) = 1 Logos. (SGG-2014)
All Aeon emanations work by the principles of the above algorythm.

Mandaeanism: Pre-Christian, or first century Persian Gnostic (dualism) religion of the middle east that has survived into modern times. ‘Manda’ is from the Aramaic language which translates to ‘gnosis’ in Greek. They professed a kinshipto the teachings of “John the Baptist,” and are said to exist today in Iraq.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandaeanism http://essenes.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=762&Itemid=1172

Mandaeans exchanging

Mandaeans exchanging a ritual handshake or kušṭa

Mani: (216- 276 CE) founder of the religion of Manicheanism. Believed to have written or had part in the “Manichean Psalms of Thomas.” See also; Manichaeaens http://essenes.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=280&Itemid=712

THE ENLIGHTENED MASTER MAR MANI, peace be upon him, entered the world on the 8th day of the 1st Babylonian month of Nissanu (April 14) 216 A.D.. He was born in Mardin, Iraq and raised in an Elkasite monastery on a floating reed island in the mashlands of near Basra, Iraq. Mani claimed to be the restorer and synthesizer of Gnostic Nazorean Christianity, Zurvan Zoroasterism, and Mahayana Buddhism. He created a worldwide vegan church which lasted over a thousand years. At one point Manichaeism was as big, or bigger, than the Catholic Church and its teachings have significantly influenced Bon, Buddhist, Sufi, Shia Islam, and Taoist traditions.

Mani’s mystical teachings have profoundly enriched the Nazorean Way. His name means the “Vessel of Life” and he came to be regarded by his Christian disciples as the Paraclete, by his Persian followers as the Zoroastrian redeemer Saoshyant, and by his Buddhist adherents as the Avatar Maitreya. He was also known as a reincarnation of both Lao Tzu and Buddha. He was a gifted writer, teacher, artist, physician, astrologer, musician and a miracle-worker. He personally illuminated and illustrated many of his original scriptures, and could draw a fine line on silk and then erase it by removing one thin thread.

Manichoi: Meaning one who has become a solitary one, or unified. (Hoeller p.

Marcellina: (330-398 A.D.) The only sister of St. Ambrose of Milan. She was older than St. Ambrose, and was born most probably at Trier, where her father resided as “Praefectus Praetorio Galliarum.” Mentioned to have led a Gnostic sect founded by Heracleon.

Marcion: (85-160 CE) Marcion was son of the Bishop of Sinope in Pontus, Asia Minor. He organized a series of Gnostic congregations in the eastern Mediterranean which survived into the 3rd century CE. He wrote a book called “Antitheses” which earned him excommunication by the Christian leaders of Rome.
He wrote the “Gospel of Marcion,” and rejected Jewish influence in Christianity. He rejected the institution of marriage. He believed that the Demiurge arranged Jesus’ persecution and crucifixion. But the death of Christ on the cross was only a hallucination, since Jesus did not have a physical body.

Marcus: A student of Valentinus, and contemporary of Colorbasus, who devoted their attention to magical arts and the Pythagorean numbers. See ”Refutation of All Heresies,” Book VI. by Hippolytus. http://www.gnosis.org/library/hyp_refut6.htm

Marcionites: Followers of Marcion who formed a sect around 144 A.D. They rejected the idea of the Jewish God, and declared that Jesus was not the son of the Jewish creator. Considered by some to be Gnostic like in their understanding of dualism.

Mariamne: Mariamne is one of the women known to have traveled with Jesus and his followers. She is also known as Mary Magdalene. According to the “Acts of Philip” by Leucius Charinus, Mariamne was Philip’s sister. According to Church history Philip and Mariamne lived and taught the followers of Simon Magus, and Dositheos. They had all been followers of John the Baptist along with Jesus. The “Acts of Philip” reveal that Mariamne returned to Jerusalem. Her remains were found in Jerusalem in an ossuary inside the Jesus Family Tomb. One Nag Hammadi document is attributed to her teaching, the “Gospel of Mary.” (SGG)
Most scholars think the “Gospel of Mary” was written in the 2nd century. I think Basilidians who wanted to preserve what they knew about Mary’s teaching may have written it somewhere at the turn of the first century. They may have written the GPhil also.  Basilides was a student of both the Apostle Matthias and Glausius, Peter’s scribe, according to both Papias and Clement. We do not know when he was born but we do know he became teacher to Valentinus. This put Valentinus in a valid Apostolic lineage in regard to the secret teachings of Jesus and his followers.
Thanks to the work of G.R.S. Mead much of what we know about Gnostics is explained in his available works online at the NHL Archives. Mead has preserved some of the actual writings of Basilides, and Simon Magus. The central theme of both works are about aspects of the Sethian Aeonology. Mead even produces examples of Hebdomads related to Simon Magus. Mead never saw the Nag Hammadi collection as it is today.
The “Gospel of Mary” contains one Sethian specific term, Aeon. Any reference to the Aeonology pretty much makes the document Sethian-Valentinian Gnostic.
“In an Aeon I was released from a world, and in a Type from a type, and from the fetter of oblivion which is transient. From this time on will I attain to the rest of the time, of the season, of the Aeon, in silence.”
Jesus said, “Do not lay down any rules beyond what I appointed you, and do not give a Law like the lawgiver lest you be constrained by it.” (“Gospel of Mary, Ch.8)
There is only one possible source for knowing what Jesus laid down, and that is in the gospels and scriptures of the Naassenes and those later by Valentinians. To understand these documents requires a working knowledge of the Aeonology and how the Aeon-Monad becomes a working sequence that can turn into a good or evil Hebdomad, Ogdoad, etc.
The following is from the Naassene fragment and is one of the earliest Christian written works…
(Jesus says) “Through Æons universal will I make a Path; Through Mysteries all I’ll open up a Way!
And Forms of Gods will I display; The secrets of the Holy Path I will hand on…
And call them Gnosis.”
The secrets of the Holy Path are related directly to how Jesus is regarded divinity in the Aeonology, i.e. God or more correctly the Logos…

Marsenes: Name of Tractate 1, Codex X, Nag Hammadi Lib. A Sethian writing also found in the Bruce Codex, also name of main character of the work, a Gnostic Prophet.

Matthias: According to Clement of Alexandria, teachings of Matthias were used by Basilideans and perhaps other Gnostic groups. According to Hippolytus, Basilides and his son Isidore claimed to have learned from Matthias ’secret words,’ which he had received in private teaching from the Saviour. A disciple called Mathias replaced Judas Iscariot in apostolic succession after the crucifixion of Jesus.
(May be the author who wrote the text, “The Book of Thomas the Contender.”)


Meditation: The act of concentrating the mind for a specific purpose, or
response. The act is different than contemplation in some contexts, in others it
may mean the same. Sethian Gnostics rejected prayer as to an eminent power.
They did use ”contemplation,” or what we might call self-hypnosis today, which
was aided by the use knowledge of the monad. (See Sethian Monadology)

Melchizedek: Name of Nag Hammadi text, Tractate 1, Codex IX., also name of the
main character of the text, who names the “God most High,” encountered by
Abraham. Melchizedek, is called “the great Paralemptor of Light” (purifier) in
Pistis Sophia,” (Askew Codex). Genisis 14.-18. ”And Melchizedek king of Salem
brought forth bread and wine. And he was priest of God Most High.” Psalms
110-4; ” Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent: Thou art a priest for ever
After the order of Melchizedek.”

Statue of Melchizedek in the Borghese Chapel of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore.

Statue of Melchizedek in the Borghese Chapel of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore.


Menander: Follower of Simon Magus, associated with Saturnis, who taught in Syria
and Antioch. (Hoeller p. 78-79)


Merovingean (Merovingian): A pre 11th century Frankish Dynasty, the ”Priors of Zion,” claim
the Merovingean Dynasty is of the bloodline of Jesus Christ. This is the basis
for the ”Da Vinci Code, by Dan Brown, and is largely fiction.

Frankish empire

Frankish empire


Metenoia: This is the “change of mind” or perspective that happens to the
initiate in the process of Gnosis, or spiritual transcendence. ”It is turning
the mind to the perception of the divine.” (”Hara” {Balance} by Durkheim,
Inner Traditions, 2004, p. 131.)


Mirotheas: (Mirotheos, masc.) “the great light, the living power, the mother of the holy, incorruptible ones, the great power, Mirothoe.” (See; ”Zostrianos,” ”The Three Steles of Seth,” ”Trimorphic Protennoia,” and the ”Gospel of the Egyptians.” http://www.kheper.net/topics/Gnosticism/archetypal_man.html

Monad: From the Greek word, meaning “one”, “single” or “unique.” It has ample
descriptions according to different contexts: According to Pythagoras it was the
first thing in existence. ”The Valentinian Exposition” declares Jesus the
‘Monad.’ (See Sethian Monadology.) mo·nad; (mnd) n. 1. Philosophy; An
indivisible, impenetrable unit of substance viewed as the basic constituent
element of physical reality in the metaphysics of Leibnitz. 2. Biology; A
single-celled microorganism, especially a flagellate protozoan of the genus
”Monas.” 3. Chemistry ; An atom or a radical with valence 1. (Online
Webster’s Dic. See also; Wikipedia.) The Monadic sequence to the Triad is
expressed is by the ”Oracles of Zoroaster,” which illuminates the
25. The Monad first existed, and the Paternal Monad still subsists.
26. When the Monad is extended, the Dyad is generated.
27. And beside Him is seated the Dyad which glitters with intellectual sections,
to govern all things and to order everything not ordered.
28. The Mind of the Father said that all things should be cut into Three, whose
Will assented, and immediately all things were so divided.
29. The Mind of the Eternal Father said into Three, governing all things by
30. The Father mingled every Spirit from this Triad.
31. All things are supplied from the bosom of this Triad.
32. All things are governed and subsist in this Triad
33. For thou must know that all things bow before the Three Supernals.
34. From thence floweth forth the Form of the Triad, being preexistent; not the
first Essence, but that whereby all things are measured.
35. And there appeared in it Virtue and Wisdom, and multiscient Truth.
36. For in each World shineth the Triad, over which the Monad ruleth.”
The “Three Supernals” is perhaps a reference to the Kabbalah, but probably
refers to the state of Tripartite.

Representation of the Pythagorean monad

Representation of the Pythagorean monad

Monogenes: The “Only begotten.” Probably means one thing, (one gene) that can
grow into more complex things in the context of the Monadology, like the term Word, in the Sacred Tetrad. (See; Autogenes and Logos. See also; “A Valetinian Expostition.”) May also resemble the idea of meme.

Monoimus: (150-210) Student of Tatain. He is known for coining the usage of the word ‘Monad’ for use in the Christian Gnostic context. However the study of the Monad, certainly preceded him, as the Zoroastrians, Pythagoreans, and Hermetics used the technology of the monad prior to Christianity, and was used by Sethians prior to Monoimus.

Montanus: Second Century founder of the Montanists, who held that the Holy
Spirit was giving new revelations to the (his) Church. They made declarations
against certain social practices, and practiced fasting, declared the sanctity
of a single marriage. They were declared heretics by the ‘Church’ and rejected.
It is doubtful that this sect could be considered Gnostic in terms of heresy
that they were accused of by the Bishop of Rome. They were probably anti-Gnostic in spite of claims to the Holy Spirit. Tertullian is said to have joined this group in his later years. (See; Tertullian.)

Mythology: 1a. A body or collection of myths belonging to a people and addressing their origin, history, deities, ancestors, and heroes. b. A body of myths associated with an event, individual, or institution: “A new mythology, essential to the . . . American funeral rite, has grown up” (Jessica Mitford). mythologist, pl. mythologies http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/mythology There are several mythological characters named in the various Sethian texts, not included in this work. They include Greek, Pagan, Roman, Egyptian, and other sources. Barpharanges, Seldao, Zogenethlos, Iolaos, from ”Zostrianos,” and several others in works like ”The Apocryphon of John,” are among the obscure references that at this time cannot be interpreted as to the concepts of the texts in which they appear.

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