Understanding Jesus as Logos


Tom Saunders, B.A./B.S. Certified Linguist

Understanding the meaning of the word ‘Logos’ generally means understanding an infallible truth.

Logos can have other connotations, depending upon the term’s context or how the word is being used. In Christianity the term ‘Logos’ refers to divinity and refers to Jesus or God as the “Logos.”

According to Justin Martyr (100-165 C.E.), in his work the “First Apology,” Jesus is the incarnation of the Logos, and this represents a system of ‘truth’ meaning order, reason, and knowledge.

“The “Gospel of John” identifies the Logos, through which all things are made, as divine (Theos), and further identifies Jesus as the incarnate Logos.”

The Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek uses the terms Rhema and Logos as equivalents and uses both for the Hebrew word ‘Dabar,’ as the Word of God.

Some modern usage in Christian Theology distinguishes Rhema from Logos (which here refers to the written scriptures) while Rhema refers to the revelation received by the reader from the Holy Spirit when the Word (Logos) is read, although this distinction has been criticized.” (Wikipedia)

Logos in rhetoric is the presentation of a ‘truth’ through the use of a system of both deductive and inductive logic. According to Aristotle, rhetoric is “the ability, in each particular case, to see the available means of persuasion.” He described three main forms for the presentation of rhetoric, logos, ethos, and pathos. Ethos and pathos can be propaganda.

Aristotle designed a heuristic device called the “Square of Opposition.” This ‘tetrad’ is based upon a three to one ratio against a premise being truth. What this means is in Aristotle’s model a truth is contrasted by two contrasting partial-truths, and one flat-out lie. So if a premise is not the truth, it is a partial truth, a partial lie, or a total lie. This method demonstrates both inductive and deductive logic in terms of showing a philosophical truth or lie.

The main tool of logic used by Sethian Christians from the earliest days in Alexandria is based upon Trivium Method logic. This system is based upon the concept of three rivers or roads meeting, to form one river or road. Simply, it is a process of triangulating three things to make one thing.

One method of showing a philosophical proof with Trivium Method logic is like explaining how a yardstick has three triangulated or corresponding values. There is the established length of a yard in man’s scientific lexicon. This singular universal length of a yard can be verified by triangulating the two other corresponding values, the three feet, and thirty six inches that also constitute the triangulation of the other established lengths that equal the yard.

Where A= 1 Yard, B = 3 Feet, and C= 36 Inches, then: (A=B, C=D, A=C) = 1. Yard

As a process of logic: (A=B/1st premise, C=D/2nd supporting premise, A=C/synthesis) = 1. Yard as the triangulated Conclusion

This algorithm represents the Sethian Gnostic Christian system of reason for the “Logos” as a process of truth and knowledge. Sethian Christians used a system of knowledge based upon the flow of subtle human energies called Aeons. The Sethian Gnostic Aeons include the algorithms for all human emotions and behavior.

The Apostle Basilides writes about the elements of the Logos, the seven unit Aeons called Hebdomads, and the eight unit Aeons called Ogdoads.

“Thus, from the Hebdomad, the Light–which had already come down from above from the Ogdoad unto the Son of the Hebdomad–descended upon Jesus, son of Mary, and he was illumined, being caught on fire in harmony with the Light that streamed into him. This is the meaning of the saying, ‘The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee…’

What makes the Sethians Christian-Pythagorean method so important is the Trivium model is the same logic used for the formation of the Sethian Aeon-Ogdoad, and Aeon-Hebdomad that Basilides mentions above. The formation of these sequential progressions is very complex, but below is a basic model for both:

(A/1st Tetrad) (B/2nd Tetrad) = 1. Ogdoad

(Monad/A=B, Duad/B=C, Triad/C=D, Tetrad/D= E) (Pentad/E=F, Hexad/F=G, Hebdoad/G=H, Ogdoad/ H = A) = 1.

(A= /1st premise = 1st Tetrad) (B = / 2nd Supporting premise = 2nd Tetrad) (C. = Supporting synthesis of A = C) = 1. Aeon-Ogdoad

(A/Trivium) (B/Quadrivium) = 1. Hebdomad

(Trivium/Monad, Dyad, Triad) (Quadrivium/Tetrad, Pentad, Hexad, Hebdomad) = 1. Hebdomad

(Trivium = 1st Premise), (Quadrivium = Supporting Premise) = 1 Hebdomad as the Synthesis of A and B = triangulated Conclusion = 1.

The Ogdoad is reasonably easy to understand as to how it is applied in the real world. The Ogdoad works like an eight point compass, made from the four point compass. This progression is the synthesis of the eight basic directions.

Another way to understand the Ogdoad as logos is by using man’s eight basic tools of man’s body in the algorithm of the Ogdoad using the Trivium logic:

(1.-a. -Rt. Hand, 2.-b.-Lt. Hand, 3.-c.-Rt. Elbow, 4.-d.- Lt. Elbow) = Upper Body

(5.-e.- Rt. Foot, 6.-f.-Lt Foot, 7.-g.- Rt. Knee, 8.-h.- Lt. Knee) = Lower Body

(1st premise/Upper Body Tetrad) (2nd premise/Lower Body Tetrad) (Synthesis of the two) = 1. Body of Man’s eight basic tools

Hebdomads work about the same as far as following the Trivium formula above. The actual Pythagorean Monadic sequence, from which Hebdomads and Ogdoads form, is extremely complex. Aligning what Jesus said to the Aeon algorithms of the Logos is fairly easy. There are actually several ways to do this. Here is one…

1st Premise: These are the secret sayings that the living Jesus spoke and Didymos Judas Thomas recorded:

“Simon Peter said to them, “Make Mary leave us, for females don’t deserve (eternal) Life.” Jesus said, “Look, I will guide her to make her male, so that she too may become a Living Spirit resembling you males. For every female who makes herself male will enter the Kingdom of Heaven.” (GThom, saying 114.)

2nd Supporting Premise:

Jesus said to them, “When you make the two into one, and when you make the inner like the outer and the outer like the inner, and the upper like the lower, and when you make male and female into a single one, so that the male will not be male nor the female be female, when you make eyes in place of an eye, a hand in place of a hand, a foot in place of a foot, an image in place of an image, then you will enter [the kingdom].” (GThom 22c.)

Synthesis of 1st and 2nd Premise(s): “For many of the first will be last, and will become a single one.” And he said, “Whoever discovers the interpretation of these sayings will not taste death.” (GThom 4b,1.)

What you just read is Rhema or Logos says men and women are equal in the Kingdom, and eyes of the Logos. Perhaps the next Pope should be a woman.

The “Gospel of Thomas” and Sensus Plenior
Tom Saunders

“Sensus Plenior” means fuller sense, or fuller meaning, and particularly refers to the deeper meaning contained in religious scripture. The term can refer to both intended meaning by the author or additional meaning beyond the indented scope of the author. The intended use of scripture in the case of the “Gospel of Thomas” may be to create the basis for individual revelation, and even gnostic transcendence.

Most modern “Gospel of Thomas” scholars are not experts in Sethian and Valentinian Gnosticism. Most still grasp onto the idea that Thomas is aligned with the sensus plenior of the biblical synoptic gospels. In fact Sethian and Valentinian philosophy requires a specialized vocabulary most Thomas scholars do not use in their analysis of the text. Sethianism is based upon Aeonology.

I take the stand that the sensus plenior of Thomas is based upon Sethian and Valentinian Gnostic theology. This means the underlying philosophy of the “Gospel of Thomas” is based upon the concept of Jesus as a living spirit with the power of Archons and Aeons. Archons and Aeons are central to understanding the Nag Hammadi Library and other Sethian-Valentinian writings.

The Sethian and Valentinian Aeonology is based upon the Pythagorean mathematical concepts of the Monad, and the Monadic sequence. The system is almost identical to Ba Gua science used in the study of the Tai Chi. An eight unit ba gua sequence and an eight unit Aeon called an ogdoad, are virtually the same instrument. (See Fung Yu-Lan, “History of Chinese Philosophy”)

There is almost nothing written on the Sethian Aeonology to explain the whole occult system. Nag Hammadi texts only mention Aeons, Archons, and Monads, they do not really explain the system.
The secrecy of Pythagoreans and this system has been well preserved, as Sethians were the first to write about Aeons.

The sensus plenior of the “Gospel of Thomas” is aligned with the concept of the title in the text, “The Secret Sayings of the Living Jesus.” The text is meant to be occult. It was written so if you do not know about Aeons, you will not connect this epistemology to Thomas.

To understand the words of Jesus requires you know the Sethian philosophy behind them. Otherwise you are left to your own interpretation from what you know about Christianity. I see this as a major reason the “Secret Sayings” are secret and have stayed secret. The Thomas text does not use Sethian specific vocabulary found in the Aeonology and Monadology that are unique to the Nag Hammadi texts. But many of the concepts in the text are Sethian and Valentinian oriented.

Another term used to express sensus plenoir of Sethian-Valentinian scripture is “ruha.”

Ruha: A Mandaean and Sethian-Naasseni Gnostic concept of Spirit, an equivalent of Sophia (wisdom), sometimes used to mean the Soul. The term ‘ruha’ is sometimes used to refer to receiving the blessings of the Holy Spirit through the reading of scripture. In the Mandaean creation myths Ruha is the is a divine being who falls from grace, she marries her son Ur, and they create the seven planets, and the twelve signs of the zodiac. (SGG, “Saunders Gnostic Glossaries.” See also, “A Dictionary of Gnosticism” by Smith)

According to Irenaeus, Hippolytus, and Tertullian, Naasseni-Mandaeans or Sethians were the same people and the first followers of Jesus. This is in spite of anti-Gnostic declarations that these followers were heretics like Simon Magus. Hippolytus claims that Sethians had the “Gospel of Thomas,” and the “Gospel of the Egyptians.” (See “Gnostic Secrets of the Naassenes” Gaffney)

Irenaeus provides a description of Sethian specific vocabulary that is only found in the “Apocryphon (Secret Book) of John.” These texts would have been the first real Christian scripture. (Irenaeus, Against Heresies)

Ruha or sensus plenoir in the case of occult and metaphysical literature of the NHL should be seen as an instrument and utility for transcendence for enlightenment. In the case of Sethian and Valentinian philosophy transcendence or enlightenment is the process of Gnosis. In the case of Gnostic Christian enlightenment this would not be possible unless you know what Jesus said. This is the obvious purpose of the “Gospel of Thomas,” it very likely contains what Sethians that actually knew Jesus, remembered about what he said.

Explaining the secret Christianity of Sethian and Valentinian occult philosophy is a lot about being able to explain the Pythagorean mathematics of Aeons like the seven unit Hebdomad, and eight unit Ogdoad. Aeon emanations are “gifts” from the Pleroma. The Pleroma in the “Gospel of Thomas” is the kingdom of heaven. The Pleroma is also the polar opposite of the Kenoma…

Kenoma: The earthly or hylic state of the being. In the Gnostic schema(s) the kenoma is the imperfect and the antithesis of pleroma (plhrwma), where all are in a state of privation and unreality. The term is not used directly in Sethian or Valentinian texts but was used by anti-Gnostics (See Iren. Haer. I.4.I (M.7.480A); ib 1.4.2 (484A); Clem.exc.Thdot.31 (p117.11; M.9.676A); Thdt.haer.I.7 (4.298). (SGG, Source: Wade DeConick)

The concepts of Man’s existence and creation in the universe, in Sethian terms, is very different from mainstream Christianity. Man is a hylic or earthly being that must transcend from the hylic to the psychic, then to the further enlightened or pneumatic. This is a transition from the physical being to the spiritual. As an instrument this seems to be the underlying purpose of the “Gospel of Thomas.”

“Thus, from the Hebdomad, the Light–which had already come down from above from the Ogdoad unto the Son of the Hebdomad–descended upon Jesus, son of Mary, and he was illumined, being caught on fire in harmony with the Light that streamed into him. This is the meaning of the saying, ‘The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee’–that is to say, that which came from the Sonship through the Limitary Spirit to the Ogdoad and Hebdomad, down as far as Mary [the body]–and ‘The Power of the Highest shall overshadow thee’–that is to say, the divine creative power which cometh from the [ætherial] heights (the Pleroma) above through the Demiurge, which power belongeth to the Son.” (The Apostle Basilides; source Mead, “Fragments of a Faith Forgotten,” NHL Archives.)

Understanding the Apostle Basilides
Bishop Tom Saunders, B.A. B.S./Certified Linguist


I have been working over a decade on glossaries aimed at explaining the unique words used in Nag Hammadi Library and related works. These unique words used by the earliest Christians were known and used by the Apostle Basilides, and those that had taught him. This included the Apostle Matthias, and Glaucius who was Peter’s Scribe. Around 60 A.D. Mark returned to Alexandria from Rome with Glaucius,  and with Peter’s notes and started writing his gospel. (Clement)

For this work I have selected a single paragraph written by the Apostle Basilides and I examine what the unique Sethian specific words mean that he uses. This is not easy because Sethian specific words were only known in the secret Christian teachings of Alexandrian Gnostics. It involves the Pythagorean Monad, and Sethian Aeonology. It took me years to decipher them. 

My work, below is mostly referenced with the help of my, “Saunders Gnostic Glossary(s), cited in this work as, (SGG). These works took over a decade to compose, and develop to point where they are now. These works were done with the help of many other people I have contacted over the years, mostly on the internet.

Basilides was a teacher to Valentinus, and rightly earned the title of Apostle to Jesus. His work is part of the reason Valentinus claimed to have been taught the “Secret Teachings” of Jesus. (NHL, see Valentinus) Over the years I have tried to learn enough to explain what Basilides meant by Aeons, Hebdomads, and Ogdoads. This is what I have learned from his writing…


Basilides: (?-138) An Alexandrian Gnostic and Apostle, who formed sects around 120 to 138. Basilides was known to be associated with, Valentinus, Glaucius, the Apostle Matthias, and other early Christian leaders. He may have also had knowledge of Dositheos and others associated with Simon Magus, and Gnosticism in Samaria. He is associated with Sethian-Valentinian works by Theodotus, and Clement. He is thought to have had knowledge of both mystical and Hellenistic philosophy. (See also; ”The Other Bible,” by Barnstone, Harper, 1980; See also; ”Stromata.” Mead’s “Forgotten Faith.”) (SGG)

Contemplate this passage below written by the Apostle Basilides. I try and explain all the unfamiliar terms in the rest of this work as they apply to Sethian and Valentinian Gnostic Christian Philosophy. Hebdomads and Ogdoads mentioned below in Basilides’ work refer to Aeon emanations. (I suggest you read this passage more than once.)

Basilides wrote:

“Thus, from the Hebdomad, the Light–which had already come down from above from the Ogdoad unto the Son of the Hebdomad–descended upon Jesus, son of Mary, and he was illumined, being caught on fire in harmony with the Light that streamed into him. This is the meaning of the saying, ‘The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee’–that is to say, that which came from the Sonship through the Limitary Spirit to the Ogdoad and Hebdomad, down as far as Mary [the body]–and ‘The Power of the Highest shall overshadow thee’–that is to say, the divine creative power which cometh from the [ætherial] heights (the Pleroma) above through the Demiurge, which power belongeth to the Son.” (The Apostle Basilides; source Mead, “Fragments of a Faith Forgotten,” NHL Archives.)

Hebdomads are Aeon emanations while Ogdoads are larger Aeon emanations, but are more like bodies, sometimes called Archons, meaning “Ruler.” All Aeon formations are formed from a sequence that begins from the Monad. The Sethian and Valentinian Aeonology is based upon the Pythagorean concepts of the Monad and Monadic sequence. These are complex mathematical formations governed by geometric boundaries.

Sethians may have been the first people that ever revealed written works with Aeons and Monads together. In Sethian philosophy Jesus is the Aeon of Aeons. Jesus is number One, the Monad.

G.R.S. Mead wrote…

“In his Aeonology, Simon (Magus), like other Gnostic teachers, begins with the Word, the Logos, which springs up from the Depths of the Unknown-Invisible, Incomprehensible Silence…

The Word, then, issuing from Silence is first a Monad, then a Duad, a Triad (Pythagorean Trivium) and a Hebdomad (trivium) – (quadrivium). For no sooner has differentiation commenced in it, and it passes from the state of Oneness, than the Duadic and Triadic state immediately supervene, arising, so to say, simultaneously in the mind, for the mind cannot rest on Duality, but is forced by a law of its nature to rest only on the joint emanation of the Two. Thus the first natural resting point is the Trinity. The next is the Hebdomad.” (G.R.S. Mead, “Simon Magus” SGG, my inserts.)

Word and Logos mean the same thing in the context of Gnosticism:

Logos: The term for Sethians and Valentinians can be synonymous with the Word of God as an emanation of truth, or as a reflection of man’s divine or Aeon form in the Pleroma. In both Sethian and Platonic Christian Gnosticism logos refers to a system of order, reason, and knowledge. Aristotle characterized logos as an examination of a premise using both inductive and deductive logic, i.e. checks and balances. The concept of truth in the Logos in Sethian Christianity is shown with the following algorithm used in Trivium Method logic. This principle is based upon three roads meeting to form one road, and where four roads meet, forms a single point: (1st Premise/Monad {A=C}) (2nd Supporting Premise/Duad {A=B = B=C}) (Synthesis/Triad of {A=B=C}) = 1 or the Logos.” (SGG)

An Aeon can be defined as:

Aeon: The term refers to emanations (spirit or pneuma) from the Pleroma, or the energy of thought entering man’s mind, like from the demiurge as an Aeon-Monad. Aeons are formed from tripartite unions. Aeons as emanations are one-half of a duality, and Aeon sequences are made of other Aeon-Monads which can form a matrix. Aeon names are given mathematical, literal, and gematric tripartite values. Aeon names represent titles for whole fields of study. The emanation process in Sethianism is based upon the early Sethian Father, Mother, and Son, Ogdoad trinity, giving Jesus the power of divinity as the Monad. This method is based upon the concept of three roads meeting to form one road, and when four roads come together, it forms one point. Aeons are constructed from Monads aligned with the algorithm of the Trivium Method. All Aeon emanations like triads, tetrads, hebdomads, and ogdoads work based upon the same algorithm: (1st Premise/Monad A=C) ∩ (2nd Supporting Premise/Duad A=B = B=C) ∩ (Synthesis/Triad of A=B=C) = 1. (Logos) (SGG)

The Ogdoad

The emanation theories of Aeons or the Asian concept of Chi (subtle human energy), work in the real world aligned to the same primary algorithm based upon Trivium logic. Ogdoads it turns out worked the same for Pythagoras as Lao Tzu.

The Pythagorean and ancient Chinese model of the Aeon or Chi emanation of the Ogdoad works on exactly the same mathematical-based formula as all other Aeon emanations do. This includes Triads, Tetrads, Hebdomads, and Ogdoads. (See Fung Yu-Lan, “History of Chinese Philosophy, Princeton, 1953. Yu-Lan shows how the ancient Ba Gua science works like Pythagorean math.)

All Monadic constructions equal one, and all of them are formed from a Monad which is formed from a triad in a tripartite union as described by Plato in his “Republic.” This is where three things combine to form one thing…

“Now then, join them to each other and make them a single one – for they are three – so that they grow together, and all are in a single image outside of the image of the man just like him who is unable to see the things inside him. But what is outside only is what he sees. And it is apparent what creature his image is in and that he was formed in a human image.”(Plato)

The Primary Tripartite Algorithm of Trivium Logic that form Aeons:

(1st premise-Monad) ∩ (2nd supporting premise-Duad) ∩ (synthesis-Triad {a.b.c.}) = 1.  

(Above is the Primary Algorithm, where three things become one thing.) Note: (∩ = is a part of)

1. Triad: (1st premise/ { a. c.}) ∩ (2nd premise {b. a.}) ∩ ( synthesis {a.b.c.}) =1

2. Tetrad: (1st premise/ { a. b.}) ∩ (2nd premise { c. d.} ) ∩ (synthesis {a.b.c.d.}) = 1

3. Hebdomad: (1st premise Triad-Trivium {a.b.c.}) ∩ (2nd premise Tetrad-Quadrivium {d.e.f.g.}) ∩ (synthesis of trivium-quadrivium {a.b.c.d.e.f.g.}) = 1

4. Ogdoad: (1st premise Tetrad/{a.b.c.d.}) ∩ (2nd premise Tetrad/{e.f.g.h.}) ∩ (synthesis {a.b.c.d.e.f.g.h.}) =1

Aeons or Chi emanate in a mathematical progression starting with the Monad (Tai Chi) and ending at the limits of triads/triviums, tetrads/quadriviums, hebdoads/hebdomads, and ogdoads etc. An Ogdoad is called so, because it has eight parts, as a triad has three. All Aeon emanations equal one.

1. Monad, {a.} =1

2. Duad, {a. ∩ b.} =1
3. Triad, {a.∩b.∩c.} =1
4. Tetrad, {a.∩b.∩c.∩d.} =1

5. Hebdomad, {a.b.c. ∩ d.e.f.g.} =1

6. Ogdoads, {a.b.c.d. ∩ d.e.f.g.h.} =1
7. Decad, {a.b.c.d.e. ∩ f.g.h.i. j.} =1
8. Dodecad, {a.b.c.d.e.f. ∩ g.h.i.j.k.l.} =1

The algorithm which let ancient Gnostics use these forms as heuristic devices works also within the tripartite model of Trivium Logic: (a.1st premise) ∩ (b. 2nd supporting premise) ∩ (c. Synthesis {a.b.c.}) =1

Lao Tzu lists over twenty-four fields of study based upon the concepts of applying Ogdoads as eight units called Ba Gua sequences. The “I Ching” is a matrix made with this same method where sets of eight trigrams are combined to form a matrix. This matrix of Ogdoads is used as a memory palace by Lao Tzu, and Pythagoreans. ( see: “Hua Hu Ching,” by Lao Tzu)

Below is one way the Ogdoad model is applied in the real world using the eight major contact weapons of the body, eight major fighting skills, and eight essential qualities that can be observed in a fight. This is three Ogdoads that become one thing. The model below is from classical Asian martial arts. The model shows how Ogdoads are formed, and how they ling to form a matrix. (Hebdomads link the same way as Ogdoad sequences do to form a matrix.)

An Ogdoad of Man’s Primary Weapon System:

(1st premise-upper body, a. R. Hand, b. L. Hand, c. R. Elbow d. L. Elbow) ∩ (2nd premise-lower body, e. R. Knee, f. L. Knee, g. R. Foot, h. L. Foot) ∩ (synthesis {a.b.c.d. ∩ e.f.g.h.} ) = 1

Apply the Weapons to the offensive and defensive Ogdoad skills. This is what trained fighters do.

(1st premise-boxing skills {a. punching, b. grabbing, c. chokes d. kicking) ∩ (2nd premise-grappling skills, e. throwing, f. joint locks, g. ground fighting h. control}) ∩ (synthesis {a.b.c.d. ∩ e.f.g.h.}) = 1.

Apply the two Ogdoads above to the following essential internal and external eight qualities for using weapons and skills. Internal skills are those that are done with the mind and senses while external skills are demonstrated externally with the praxis of the body. I use Okinawan words in the last Ogdoad, which is very much a part of the whole matrix as one thing.

(1st premise-internal {a. Kamae, b. Maai, c. Ma, d. Kakei}) ∩ (2nd premise – external {e. Muchimi, f. Chinkuchi, g. Fesa, h. Atifa}) ∩ (synthesis, {a.b.c.d.e.f.g.h.}) = 1

1.Kamae, (cam-may) refers to the skill of the fighter to becoming aware, composed and in control of his actions, and reactions. Kamae refers to the composure of the fighter the instant he/she takes conscious control of his skills in a fight.
2. Maai (maw-ee) describes the space that exists between you and your opponent, and how this space is utilized. We often call this space the arena, but basically its the environment around you.
3. Ma (maw) refers to the movement within the distance between opponents to strike. “Ma involves advancing and retreating, meeting and departing.” This refers also to control of the arena.
4. Kakei, (calk-kay) refers to the ability to touch and ‘feel out’ an opponent, for strengths and weakness, using the Ma, and Maai. In Judo and Jiu Jitsu, the quality to feel out an opponent is referred to as ‘kuzushi.’ This is a highly developed skill, meaning to break the opponent’s posture, or balance.
5. Muchimi, (moo-chee-mee) refers to moving in a trained agile way when fighting. It is described as Okinawan trained karate fighters having the attributes of the qualities of a willow tree, or like stalks of bamboo. This same quality is seen in good wrestling arts.
6. Chinkuchi, (ctch-in-koo-chee) refers to the torque of the technique, muscle and joint control. It is through chinkuchi that audible snapping action of punches and kicks is achieved. It is used in offense and defense, and in all karate techniques to one degree or another. ‘’To achieve ‘chinkuchi’ all of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, breathing and mental intentions are in perfect coordination in a single moment of time.”
7. Fesa, (fe-za) refers to the virtual speed of the boxing or grappling technique, applied with chinkuchi and also refers to sighting and delivering techniques to the path of least resistance to the target. In grappling it applies to the speed of delivery of the grappling technique.
8. Atifa, (at-tee-fa) refers to the skill to send the shock wave of a technique all the way through the opponent’s body. This is a skill directed toward attacking the body’s systems of balance; circulatory, skeletal-muscular, and nervous systems.

Notice that all three Ogdoads together form a memory palace that can be used to describe almost every aspect of a fight, like a Cage Match. I use this method and have taught other fighters to use it. The three Ogdoads have formed a Monad, the Fight.

Trained fighters can use it as a heuristic device like a gauge and map. The model can be an ideal heuristic device in almost any field of study.

There are dozens of ways the Ogdoad can be further applied to the fight and many other things. The above example is what Lao Tzu called a simple model to explain. The Pythagorean model and Chinese model of the Ogdoad work the same way, and this is how I eventually figured out the mathematical schema for Aeon emanations.

If you know this “Fighter’s Octagon” schema, chances are you can describe the action of any fight with exact and compatible descriptions as others that recall the conflict and know the formula. This is the true value of learning a memory palace offers.  Some become Masters at using these heuristic devices.

Events relative to the construction of an Ogdoad matrix can be observed and described within the context of using a map or template for the observed events. This way people can see and describe alike. This is what the Apostles meant as Logos. If your friends know the schema on the same level, like it was a map. Everyone can get to the same point. Everyone using this system is for the most part on the same page.

Using the information above a student of Aeons can define the Ogdoad:

Ogdoad; Refers to an eight unit Aeon emanation as a body, composed of two tetrads that form a 1st and 2nd premise in the Trivium Method formula: (1st Tetrad/Premise A=C) (2nd Tetrad/Supporting Premise A=B =B=C) (Synthesis of A=B=C) = 1. Ogdoad. Another way to express the Monadic values of the Ogdoad is: (A. Monad, B. Duad, C. Triad, D. Tetrad) ∩ (E. Pentad, F. Hexad, G. Hebdoad H. Ogdoad) ∩ (Synthesis A=B=C=D=E=F=G=H) =1. A Tetrad works like a four point compass, and an Ogdoad works like an eight point compass.

There are dozens of ways the Ogdoad and Hebdomad can be applied as a heuristic device. Basilides like the martial arts Masters demanded a great deal of focus from students. These types of memory palaces take some study. Basilides is said to have demanded five years of silence from his pupils. As in ancient China the secrets of the Monad and Tai Chi were mostly kept secret. The secret was only shared from Master to Student.

The Hebdomad

All human emotions can be tracked in the mind with the template of the Hebdomad. This includes Wrath, Hate, Lies, Lust, Grief, Envy, and Fear, and their polar opposites. All of these emotions as Hebdomads can be put into a matrix.

“Hebdomad; Refers to a seven unit Aeon emanation composed of a trivium (Monad, Duad, Triad) and quadrivium (Tetrad, Pentad, Hexad, Hebdoad) that follows the Trivium Method algorithm: (1st Premise/Trivium A=C) ∩ (2nd Supporting Premise/Quadrivium A=B = B=C) ∩ (Synthesis of A=B=C) = 1. Hebdomad…

Another way to show the trivium and quadrivium as a model of the Aeon-Hebdomad is: (h.e.b.) (d.o.a.d.) = 1 Hebdomad. One way to describe how a Hebdomad works is by explaining the trivium works as a sign to give information, and the quadrivium works like a signal to represent directed action. These principles are based upon the ancient Trivium Methods “where three roads form one road, and where four roads meet, forms a single point.” (SGG)

In the formation of the Hebdomad, a trivium combines with a tetrad or quadrivium to form one thing. This is the type of trivium logic or “Grammar” that Pythagoreans used, assigning everything a mathematical and gematric value.

Formed from the Monad, the units of an Aeon Hebdomad sequence, due to the position of the units, always do the same job.

The Trivium’s Jobs:
(1. Monads state the form’s first cause, or sequence name.)
(2. Duads state the motive of the whole sequence, for the seven units.)
(3. Triads consolidate the three forms of the triad into one thing.)

The Quadrivium’s Jobs:

(4. Tetrads state a level of ‘excitement’ in the form.)
(5. Pentads state the nature of the ‘structure’ of the form.)
(6. Hexads state the ‘action’ of the form, related to its specific power of the form.)
(7. Hebdoads state the extent of power or ‘control’ (cause and effect) of the type and form.

The last unit of an Aeon emanation sequence is always the ‘control’ unit. It shows what happens within the cause and effect of ‘what does what, to what’ in the praxis of the emanation. At the level of the triad it makes three things, one thing. The Hebdomad is seven things in the form of a triad and tetrad that become one thing. This is due to the primary algorithm used as a basis for all Aeon emanations and why they all equal one.

The Human Quadrivium

The model for the Hebdomad using the Human Quadrivium and the Primary Algorithm is:

(Trivium {a.b.c.}) ∩ (Quadrivium/ {d. Excitement, e. Structure, f. Action, g. Control}) ∩ (Synthesis {a.b.c.}) =1

Human emotions in the form of Aeons are either good or evil, and often in Sethian and Valentinian works these emotions are referred to as Angels or Demons. Chapter Eight of the “Gospel of Mary,” is dedicated to describing the Seven Powers of Wrath. All evil emotions are based upon the trivium concept of (Darkness, Desire, Ignorance) = Evil Trinity. Both Valentinus and Basilides understood and mention the Evil Trinity.

The following model of the Evil Trinity and its polar opposite are crafted from the description of the Seven Powers of Wrath from the “Gospel of Mary.”

* a. Darkness, b. Desire, c. Ignorance) ∩ (d. Excitement, e. Structure, f. Action, g. Control) ∩ (Synthesis) = 1 (The Evil Hebdomad)

The Light trivium below is the polar opposite of Evil:

(a. Light, b. Fulfillment, c. Knowledge) ∩ (d. Excitement, e. Structure, f. Action, g. Control) ∩ (Synthesis) = 1 (The Good Hebdomad)

One model for the Seven Powers or voices of the Demons is Wrath, Envy, Hate, Grief, Lies, Lust, and Fear. These are all Aeon-Monads with opposites that can be placed in an Aeon matrix where good and evil interact. Theodotus called this evil force “Legion.” Trained Gnostics can/could manipulate the evil matrix like playing chess pieces.

Like playing chess on another human or group, the Aeon force can be manipulated according to the degree of influence you can make on the subject in terms excitement within the form and action and control of the good and evil emotions on the psyche(s). The control of the Human Quadrivium includes all emotions, good or evil.

The control with the good and evil Aeon matrix is learned by focusing on the human quadrivium like it is a living diorama which is shortly stopped in time so you can examine it. Then you can play the Human Quadrivium something like an instrument; with yourself and other psyche(s). Good salesmen have the same kind of focus where they read their clients, then, they work the angles for the sale.

A modern Lie Detector measures the control as to a person’s excitement according to actions in his form or body, and this is much like the ancient Human Quadrivium in the praxis of a Lie. This modern science shows ways we can understand how Hebdomads were used by ancients.

Aeons are very real. The study of how Aeons affect the mind and body in the ancient teachings was called Kinetikos. There are some fields of modern study that relate well to the ancient model of the Human Quadrivium. More study is needed.

The Light, the Demiurge:

Light, Word, and Logos mean about the same thing and are all in reference to the Word of God. In Sethian and Valentinian philosophy Jesus is the power of the Son from the unification of the eight powers of the Father, and eight powers of the Mother, with the powers of the Son.

Demiurge refers to a boundary between these entities of the Logos, and Cosmology. This includes the triple Ogdoad boundaries between the Father, Mother, and Son in the unity which Sethian and Valentinian scripture says Jesus gained the powers of divinity. This tripartite unity explains how Jesus becomes the Word, i.e. the Light. This is what Basilides means by “power of the Son” and “from the Hebdomad of Light.

Basilides refers to Mary in his passage as the Body. This may be a reference to the Divine feminine Mother or Barbelo, in regard that in Pythagorean philosophy where the dyad is considered the One Form. It appears that Basilides and Valentinus did not use the Barbelo model in their presentation of the Dyad as Mother. The Dyad in this case equals the Monad and Duad, or Father-Mother as one thing. ({a.∩ b.} =1.)

As it is explained above, Aeon emanations are governed by a tripartite union based upon three things becoming one thing, a Monad. The Hebdomad is formed from a triad that becomes a Monad and from there; the Monad becomes a triad or trivium and then is joined with a tetrad, to become a Hebdomad.

Sethians and Valentinians only explain bits and pieces of the workings of the Monad in their works, and how a Monad becomes Hebdomads, Ogdoads, etc. Below are passages that mention the elements of the trivium. (Lao Tzu wrote very similar passages where the Monad is called the Tai Chi)

“As I (Jesus) said earlier, among the things that were created the Monad is first, the Dyad follows it, and the Triad, up to the tenths. Now the tenths rule the hundredths; the hundredths rule the thousandths; the thousands rule the ten thousands. This is the pattern immortals. First Man is like this: His Monad […].

Again it is this pattern that exists among the immortals: the Monad and the thought are those things that belong to Immortal Man. The thinking’s are for decads, and the hundreds are the teachings, and the thousands are the counsels, and the ten thousands are the powers. Now those who come from the […] exist with their […] in every Aeon […]. ”  (“Eugnostos the Blessed”)

The Sethian and Valentinian Aeonology is primarily based upon Jesus as the Monad and “Aeon of Aeons.” The Gnostic creation myths differ. But Simon Magus and Dositheos understood Aeons and this teaching was obviously passed on to Basilides and Valentinus.

Dositheos claims authorship for “The Three Steles of Seth” in the Nag Hammadi collection. He mentions Aeons and the Monad. I would point out the term Aeon very likely meant the same things to Basilides and Valentinus as Simon Magus, Dositheos, John Zebedee, and others that knew Jesus.

Simon wrote…

“Of the universal Aeons there are two shoots, without beginning or end, springing from one Root, which is the Power invisible, inapprehensible Silence. Of these shoots one is manifested from above, which is the Great Power, the Universal Mind ordering all things, male, and the other, (is manifested) from below, the Great Thought, female, producing all things.” (Simon Magus, “Apophasis Megale,” Mead)

Both the “Gospel of the Egyptians” and “The Apocryphon of John” explains the same male-female aspects as Simon mentions above.

Hippolytus declares in his works that Sethians had “The Gospel of Thomas,” “The Gospel of the Egyptians,” and other works known in the Nag Hammadi collection. Irenaeus cited a passage which is almost a word for word parallel from “The Apocryphon of John.” This means the three works are probably among the oldest Christian scripture.

Irenaeus, Hippolytus, and Tertullian all mention Aeons to refute them. They fail to explain Ogdoads, or Hebdomads. They all declare that the Sethians and Valentinians are heretics. They are all considered founding fathers of the Church, and they all had a similar anti-Gnostic agenda to eliminate Sethians and Valentinians. This is why moderns know nothing of the Aeonology.

The Holy Spirit:

Basilides described the Light of the Father and Mother as the Hebdomad of the Holy Spirit:

“…the Hebdomad–descended upon Jesus, son of Mary, and he was illumined, being caught on fire in harmony with the Light that streamed into him. This is the meaning of the saying, ‘The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee’–that is to say, that which came from the “Sonship” through the Limitary Spirit to the Ogdoad and Hebdomad, down as far as Mary [the body]” (Basilides, Mead)

Sethians and Valentinians were Pneumatics. Paul called them the gifted by the Holy Spirit. Clement called them gifted and Craftsmen. Pneumatics can demonstrate their gifts and skills.

Pneumatic: One who can comprehend or read Aeons and identifies with the spirit (pneuma), beyond that of the physical (hylic) world and the intellect alone (psychic). The pneuma, described in the ”Gospel of Phillip,” as ‘breath,’ refers to bonding with the internal spark (spinther) that came from and is drawn to reunite with the Father in some Gnostic schema. One who awakens it (the spinther) within the self does it through the process of ‘gnosis.’ (See; Gregory of Nicaea (known as Basil), who used the term Pneumatic in his mystical teachings. This term connotes Gnostic as a Pneumatic). (See also; ”Early Christian Mystics,” McGinn, Crossroads, 2003.) (SGG)

Pneumatophoroi: One who has united his Soul with the ‘Light’ (Sophia, Word, Wisdom) achieving Gnosis which is thought in Christian Gnosticism to be a union with Jesus as the Holy Spirit. A more common name for those who have reached this state are “Spirit Bearers.” Those having reached this state are mentioned in “Acts” and Pauline works. These attained individuals are thought to wear the Holy Spirit like a garment. (See; ”1,000 Things You Always Wanted to Know About the Holy Spirit,” by Lang, Thomas Nelson Pub. 1999.) (SGG)

The Pneumatophoroi were called Craftsmen by Clement…

Craftsman: A term used to connote Gnostic attainment. The term is also used in regard to creation. “All things were made through Him,” means that it was the Word who caused the Craftsman (Demiurge) to make the world, that is it was not the Word “from whom” or “by whom,” but the one “through whom (all things were made).”. . The term also refers to men, ”The official was the Craftsman, for he himself ruled like a king over those under him.” (Heracleon)  “Clement of Alexandria explains ”…..correct expounders of the truth, are Gnostics. Since also, in what pertains to life, Craftsmen are superior to ordinary people, and model what is beyond common notions; so, consequently, we also, giving a complete exhibition of the Scriptures from the Scriptures themselves, from Faith persuaded by demonstration.” (Clement;  “Stromata,” Bk. 7) (SGG)

The “Gospel of the Egyptians” explains a very similar Father, Mother, and Son schema as what Basilides presented in his passage…

“Three powers came forth from him; they are the Father, the Mother, (and) the Son, from the living silence, what came forth from the incorruptible Father. These came forth from the silence of the unknown Father.

And from that place, Domedon Doxomedon came forth, the aeon of the aeons and the light of each one of their powers. And thus the Son came forth fourth; the Mother fifth; the Father sixth. He was […] but unheralded; it is he who is unmarked among all the powers, the glories, and the incorruptions.

From that place, the three powers came forth, the three Ogdoads that the Father brings forth in silence with his providence, from his bosom, i.e., the Father, the Mother, (and) the Son.

The Ogdoad, because of which the thrice-male child came forth, which is the thought, and the Word, and the incorruption, and the eternal life, the will, the mind, and the foreknowledge, the androgynous Father.

The second Ogdoad-power, the Mother, the virginal Barbelon, epititioch[…]ai, memeneaimen[…], who presides over the heaven, karb[…], the uninterpretable power, the ineffable Mother. She originated from herself […]; she came forth; she agreed with the Father of the silent silence.

The third Ogdoad-power, the Son of the silent silence, and the crown of the silent silence, and the glory of the Father, and the virtue of the Mother, he brings forth from the bosom the Seven Powers of the Great Light of the Seven Voices. (Hebdomads, my insertion) And the Word is their completion.

These are the three powers, the three Ogdoads that the Father, through his providence, brought forth from his bosom. He brought them forth at that place.” (“Gospel of the Egyptians”)


Simon Magus, Dositheos, Basilides, and Valentinus wrote about the higher Aeons of Monads, Hebdomads, Ogdoads, and other aspects of Aeonology. Almost the only time these words were ever used in Orthodox Christianity was by anti-Gnostics.

The Christian Orthodoxy never produced any work that would explain what Basilides meant in his passage presented above. Most modern scholars avoid the terms and the philosophy of Aeons.

Basilides, in the one short passage presented above, reveals much of the same explanation of Jesus and his triple Ogdoad power as Pneumatophoroi. The one passage above makes a concise description of what is described in other Sethian and Valentinian works. Most of the Nag Hammadi works focus on the tripartite powers of Father, Mother, and Son. The triple powers of Father, Mother, and Son is what gives Jesus the power of a. Father, b. Son, and c. Holy Ghost. ({a.b.c.}) = 1

Basilides is describing the transcendence of Jesus to the Holy Spirit, or Logos, as the Seth


Christian Gnosticism’s Missing Parts
Tom Saunders, B.A. B.S. Certified Linguist, Gnostic Scholar

Gnosticism as a general subject is very broad, as there are different kinds of Gnostics including modern versions. My own interest is in the study of Sethian and Valentinian Christianity, and this includes the unique vocabulary used by both Sethians and Valentinians. I am the author of the “Saunders Sethian-Valentinian Glossary” (2014), which is aimed at defining the Sethian Specific terms of the Nag Hammadi Library. My aim is to help reveal a lost Christianity.

I enjoy reading the current works of Hurtado, DeConick, Bock, Meyer, Pagels, King, Lewis, Thomason, and other Gnostic scholars. The difference in my work is I have a command of how Aeons work in the real world. I know the Aeonology and can use it. Most Gnostic scholars do not regard Aeons as working things and actual forms, and they miss the real significance of Aeon related terms like Monad, Hebdomad, Ogdoad, Aeon, etc.

The ancient Aeonology is the study of the mathematical progression of an Aeon emanation from the Monad, to dyad, triad, tetrad, hebdomads, ogdoads, etc. All Aeon emanations work on the basis of tripartite unions that form one thing. Each unit of an Aeon emanation sequence has the triple values of mathematical, gematric, and literal- as one value. Literal values of an Aeon-Monad, is a single word or name that represents a whole field of study. Aeonology can be used as a tool of logic, or as heuristic devices, and even as weapons. The Aeon matrix can be very creative and can also serve as an effective “memory palace.”

All Aeon emanations like triviums, quadriviums, hebdomads, etc., are interpreted with the following tripartite algorithm:

(1st Premise/Monad A=C) (2nd Supporting Premise/Dyad A=B = B=C) (Synthesis/Triad of A=B=C) = 1

Every Sethian Specific term below in the S-V Lexicon is in one way or another based upon the tripartite union of the above algorithm. This is because in Sethian philosophy Jesus gains his powers of divinity from the tripartite union of the Aeon-Ogdoad powers of Father, Mother, and Son. This is very different from any orthodox version of the divine power of Jesus.

The Sethian-Valentinian Lexicon:

(Abrasax, Adonaios, Aeons, Aphredon, Archons, Armedon, Armozel, Astraphaios, Autogenes, Barbelo, Bridal Chamber, Davithai, (Domedon) Doxomedon, Demiurge, Echamoth, Eleleth, Ennoia, Iao/Jeu, Gamaliel, Garment, Hebdomad, Kaliptos, Logos, Marsanes, Mirotheos, Monad, Ogdoad, Oriel, Pistis, Pleroma, Protennoia, Protophanes, Sabaoth, Saklas, Sophia, Totalities, Yaldabaoth, Youel) (SGG)

The Sethian-Valentinian terms (lexicon) above were collected from the following texts:

“The Gospel of the Egyptians,” “Books of Jeu (Iao),””The Apocryphon of John,” “Trimorophic Protennoia,” “Zostrianos,” “The Second Treatise of the Great Seth,” “Allogenes,” “The Pistis Sophia,” “Melchizedek,” “The Three Steles of Seth,” “On the Origin of the World,” “Hypostasis of the Archons,” “Marsanes,” “The Gospel of Philip,” “The First Apocalypse of James,” “The Gospel of Thomas,” and “The Gospel of Mary” (NHL Archives)

Again, the central theme of all the above is centered on the Father, Mother, and Son Ogdoad power of Jesus’ divinity as the Monad, and Aeon giver of Aeons. The Aeonology is a central theme in the extant writings of Basilides, Valentinus, Simon Magus, Dositheos, Theodotus, Heracleon, Clement, Origin, and other early Gnostic Christians. (Mead/NHL Archives)

Revealing how ancients used Aeons is largely my own discovery. There are no Sethian or Valentinian works that explain the mechanics of the Monadic sequence, and how a Monad, becomes a Hebdomad, or Ogdoad. But the ancient Chinese used Ogdoads the same as the Gnostics, and I learned the Pythagorean model from the ancient Chinese.

The ancient Taoist philosophy of the Tai Chi’ ba gua science uses Ogdoads exactly like the Pythagorean based Sethians. (See; Fung Yu-Lan) I learned the ancient Chinese Ogdoad, and then I figured out the Aeon emanation system from there, based upon the tripartite algorithm. Classical Martial Arts applies the Ogdoad model in the Tai Chi, exactly as both Sethians and Asians used the paradigm. This may not be obvious until you study the Monadic sequence.

There are facts about the study of Aeons that make it part of the earliest Christianity, but it appears w they studied Aeons secretly. Extant writings attributed to people that knew Jesus mention Monads or Aeons, but do not really explain them. I know that human emotions can be profiled with the use of Hebdomads representing Wrath, Envy, Grief, Lust, Lies, Hate, and Fear, vs. the polar opposite of these seven Aeons. I have constructed Aeon-Hebdomad models of the human psyche using this model.

Chapter Eight of the “Gospel of Mary” is about how the Seven Powers of Wrath can be overcome by the Soul. The description of these powers and how they proceed reflects Mead’s description of the formation of the Hebdomad. (Mead, NHL) Here is my own explanation…

Hebdomad; Refers to a seven unit Aeon emanation composed of a trivium (Monad, Duad, Triad) and quadrivium (Tetrad, Pentad, Hexad, Hebdoad) that follows the Trivium Method algorithm: (1st Premise/Trivium A=C) 2nd Supporting Premise/Quadrivium A=B = B=C) (Synthesis of A=B=C) = 1. Hebdomad

Another way to show the trivium and quadrivium as an Aeon-Hebdomad is: (h.e.b.) (d.o.a.d.) = 1 Hebdomad. One way to describe how a Hebdomad works is by explaining the trivium works as a sign to give information, and the quadrivium works like a signal to represent directed action. These principles are based upon the ancient Trivium Methods “where three roads form one road, and where four roads meet, forms a single point.”

I can explain the functions of the Hebdomad with the model below…

(Trivium {a.b.c.}) (Quadrivium {d.e.f.g.}) (Synthesis {a.d.c.d.e.f.g.} = 1 Hebdomad

A template for the evil Hebdomad:

The Evil Hebdomad is: (a. Darkness, b. Desire, c. Ignorance) (d. Excitement, e. Form, f. Action, g. Knowledge) (Synthesis) =1.

Darkness as evil includes every negative emotion you can categorize within the types of Wrath, Envy, Grief, Hate, Lies, Lust, and Fear. This is the target in using the matrix of the Evil Hebdomads as a weapon. I mention this so the reader knows the study of Aeons can be used in the real world and this had to be part of its appeal in learning this system in the ancient world.

The reading or synthesis of the Evil Hebdomad can be interpreted by knowing the functions of the units in the Hebdomad sequence. Each of the terms in the Monadic sequence are all fields of study that become one field of study. These fields are at least in part explained, but scattered in NHL texts. There are both good and evil Hebdomads.

The Trivium functions:

(1. Monads state the form’s first cause, or sequence name, like Wrath, Envy, Lies, etc.)
(2. Duads state the motive of the whole sequence, for each of the seven units.)
(3. Triads consolidate the three forms of the triad into one thing.)

The Quadrivium functions:

(4. Tetrads state a level of ‘excitement’ in the form, i.e. the mind.)
(5. Pentads state the nature of the ‘structure’ of the form as a body or soul.)
(6. Hexads state the ‘action’ in the Aeon matrix and this is related to its specific power of the form.)
(7. Hebdoads state the extent of power or ‘control’ (cause and effect within the Aeon matrix) of the Aeon type and form.

The quadrivium in this model is the same for both good and evil powers. (d. Excitement, e. Form, f. Action. g. Knowledge) = 1

The quadrivium can be looked at as if it were like other body parts with special functions. You cannot see the quadrivium, but you can sense it working, like with the Aeon of Grief or others. If I could not do it myself I would not mention that you can follow the influence of the quadrivium.

Almost everyone experiences grief, like when a loved one dies. When the Aeon of grief strikes, the quadrivium it is a measure of cause and effect from the strike of the Seven Powers of Grief to all the other powers in the Evil Matrix. As an evil and powerful impulse Grief can cause visible effects of mind and body which is all part of the Hebdomad matrix. (Wrath, Envy, Grief, Lies, Lust, Hate, and Fear)

Understanding this model helps to self-analyze the cause and effects of Aeon Monads on the forms of the psyche and physical body. The seven powers of the Evil Matrix act as a harmony when a “demon” Hebdomad strikes. Knowing the model supplies a framework to contemplate Kinetikos, the study of the cause and effect of Aeons on the person. The model has helped in easing my own grief.

The Sethian Aeonology was an instrument that was used to help release a person from control of Archons and harmful emotional baggage. Good and evil Hebdomads are seen as elements of the natural cosmology and psyche of man. I am sure the Sethians, Basilidians, and Valentinians learned the Aeonology to apply it as their version of modern Psycholinguistics, and Psychology.

Like the Hebdomad, the Ogdoad is a two part instrument, except where the Hebdomad is the combination of a triad and tetrad, the Ogdoad is two tetrads that represent duality working in harmony as one thing. Like all Aeon emanations the Ogdoad is a sequence started from the Monad or in the Chinese version, the Tai Chi, meaning one.

Below is the tripartite model of the Ogdoad:

(1st Premise/A. Monad, B. Duad, C. Triad, D. Tetrad) (2nd Premise/E. Pentad, F. Hexad, G. Hebdoad H. Ogdoad) (Synthesis A=B=C=D=E=F=G=H) =1

When the mathematical terms of Monad, Duad, etc. are replaced with common terms, the newly named units of the sequence retain the mathematical, gematric, and literal values of the tripartite union.

As I state above the Chinese Ogdoad and Pythagorean model are the same tool. Lao Tzu, in his work the “Hua Hu Ching,” lists over twenty complete fields of study developed from the Tai Chi model of the Ogdoad. To my knowledge the Chinese did not use Hebdomads like the Pythagorean model, but the sequence from the Monad or Tai Chi, is the same mathematical, gematric, and literal sequence. (See; Fung Yu-Lan; confirms Pythagorean Math and the Tai Chi’s Chinese ba gua model are the same. Vol. 2 “The History of Chinese Philosophy”)

I take the stand as a Gnostic Scholar that Sethian and Valentinian secret works represents the proof the Aeonology as an epistemology and metaphysics was known and practiced by the first Christians. This study changes modern Christian history, especially when other scholars learn about Aeons.

There is no one Nag Hammadi work that puts together the mechanics of the Aeon emanation. This is why most modern scholars lack the information to explain Aeons, Monads, Archons, Ogdoads, and Hebdomads. It is only recently that authors started writing about Aeons at all. Theodotus revealed that it was Sethians that are the first to write about Aeons and Pythagorean Monads, Hebdomads, and Ogdoads.

Nag Hammadi scholars include a lot of people that study the “Gospel of Thomas.” There are people that are still grasping to the idea the text is not Sethian-Valentinian, or Gnostic. It is. This changes the historical perspective of what Jesus and the first Christians knew and taught. It means what Jesus said in the “Gospel of Thomas,” is from the Sethian-Valentinian epistemology. This Sethian version of what Jesus said can be far displaced from Orthodox epistemology and hermeneutics.

The Sethian or Mandaean concept of Father would be Adonaios or Adonai-Sabaoth, and Mother is Barbelo. The power of the Jesus in the Thomas text comes from his tripartite union of the Ogdoad powers of Father, Mother, and Son. This union forms a 24 unit Aeon matrix that is virtually Jesus as an Aeon form or body. The Mother or concept of Barbelo is a form of Christianity using a divine feminine not present in Orthodox Christian philosophy.

A passage by Basilides illustrates that the Aeonology of Sethians was carried on in Alexandria. Basilides explains a schema where he has replaced Barbelo with Mary as the divine creative Ogdoad power that emanated into the Son. This indicates to me he was learning and teaching the Aeonology from earlier sources.

Basilides wrote:

“Thus, from the Hebdomad, the Light–which had already come down from above from the Ogdoad unto the Son of the Hebdomad–descended upon Jesus, son of Mary, and he was illumined, being caught on fire in harmony with the Light that streamed into him. This is the meaning of the saying, ‘The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee’–that is to say, that which came from the Sonship through the Limitary Spirit to the Ogdoad and Hebdomad, down as far as Mary [the body]–and ‘The Power of the Highest shall overshadow thee’–that is to say, the divine creative power which cometh from the [ætherial] heights (the Pleroma) above through the Demiurge, which power belongeth to the Son.” (The Apostle Basilides; source Mead, “Fragments of a Faith Forgotten,” NHL Archives.)

Simon Magus wrote:

“Of the universal Aeons there are two shoots, without beginning or end, springing from one Root, which is the Power invisible, inapprehensible Silence. Of these shoots one is manifested from above, which is the Great Power, the Universal Mind ordering all things, male, and the other, (is manifested) from below, the Great Thought, female, producing all things.

Hence pairing with each other, they unite and manifest the Middle Distance, incomprehensible Air, without beginning or end. In this is the Father who sustains all things, and nourishes those things which have a beginning and end.

This is He who has stood stands and will stand, a male-female power like the preëxisting Boundless Power, which has neither beginning nor end, existing in oneness. For it is from this that the Thought in the oneness proceeded and became two.

So he was one; for having her in himself, he was alone, not however first, although preëxisting, but being manifested from himself to himself, he became second. Nor was he called Father before (Thought) called him Father.

As, therefore, producing himself by himself, he manifested to himself his own Thought, so also the Thought that was manifested did not make the Father, but contemplating him hid him—that is to say the Power—in herself, and is male-female, Power and Thought.

Hence they pair with each other being one, for there is no difference between Power and Thought. From the things above is discovered Power, and from those below Thought.
In the same manner also that which was manifested from them although being one is yet found as two, the male-female having the female in itself. Thus Mind is in Thought—things inseparable from one another—which although being one are yet found as two.” (“Apophasis Megale”)

Simon’s passages above addresses the very idea concerning male and female aspects of Barbelo.
This means that Simon Magus knew the Father as the power of Adonaios. Barbelo or the divine feminine was a common link in Sethian and Valentinian philosophy:

Barbelo, Barbelon: The term Barbelon refers to the 2nd Archon-Ogdoad power of the Mother in the tripartite union of Father, Mother, and Son. Barbelo represents the Aeon powers over gender and creativity. Barbelo is expressed in the Sethian-Valentinian philosophy mathematically in the Bridal Chamber concept aligned with the Monadic triad or Trivium method: (Monad-Father A=C) (Duad, Father-Mother A=B=B=C) (Synthesis of Father-Mother-Son, A=B=C) = 1 Logos. (SGG)

The extant writings of Basilides and Valentinus reveal they did not use the term Barbelo in their descriptions of Jesus’ divine power, but they did not abandon the divine feminine like the orthodoxy did.


Having read and interpreted many of the Sethian and Valentinian Gnostic writings has revealed to me a Christianity not known in modern times. When I recognized that a Hebdomad was part of the Monadic sequence that formed the Ogdoad, I knew I had discovered a lost science. This field of study was one known only to those who knew the ancient Christian occult, and how to interpret it. The ancient system sort of defies modern academic methods and logic.

The work of Fung Yu-Lan, Lao Tzu, and other Chinese philosophers that knew the dynamics of the Ogdoad in the Tai Chi model, showed me the way to explaining Hebdomads, Triads, Tetrads, and Ogdoads, etc.. This understanding for me was established upon the understanding of tripartite unions, and the fact that all Aeon emanations start with a Monad, that acts like a seed. This idea of the creation of forms is conveyed in both Sethian and Valentinian works.

An evil Hebdomad can be plaid like a chess piece, and is a real form like a swift punch in the face. A Hebdomad is a real thing acting as a set of emotions in your psyche, and that can be destructive or healing to both the mind and material body. Ancient followers of Jesus knew the skills of using the Monad and the Aeonology.


The Nag Hammadi Library,” by Robinson, Harper, 1997.
Simon Magus,” by G.R.S. Mead, NHL Archives.
Fragments of a Faith Forgotten, by G.R.S. Mead, NHL Archives.
Gnostic Secrets of the Naassenes” by Mark Gaffney, Inner Traditions, 2004.
Gnosticism” by Stephan Hoeller, Quest Books, 2002.
Forbidden Faith,” by Smoley, Harper S.F. 2006.
The Gnostics,” by Smith, Watkins Pub., 2008.
A Dictionary of Gnosticism” by Smith, Theosophical Pub. 2009.
“The History of Chinese Philosophy,” by Fung Yu-Lan, Princeton, 1957
The Hua Hu Ching,” by Lao Tzu.
“Saunders Gnostic Glossaries,” by Tom Saunders, Private Collection, 2004-2014.

Reading 4 2 14, The Alchemical Tarot Renewed by Robert M Place

Reading 4 2 14, The Alchemical Tarot Renewed by Robert M Place



Position 1 Hanged Man, air, beginning…

Position 2 The Magus, reversed. Fire. changing. maturing

Position 3, the Queen of Vessels, Water of Water, Goddess as grail bearer of the Ocean

Position 4 9 swords, Air, destruction, cutting, moon, sex, completion not quite complete

Position 5 The High Priestess, Sophia, Lifter of the Veil, Bearer of Gnosis, Shekinah, Her of the heavens.



Tarot is an interesting thing. It works on many levels and in many ways. Some even view it as the perfect window into the soul. I don’t believe they are that good, personally…One large aspect of modern Tarot is the Hermetic traditions. The Hermetic traditions center around a form of Gnosticism (see the passages of the Corpus Hermeticum in comparison to Sethian for example cosmological beliefs etc.) centering around a divine priest in the Melchizadeck tradition honoring all priests, but from Thoth. Thoth the A Egyptian God, to Thoth the Atlantean. To a more familiar Hermes and Mercury. As an archetype for all priests the Hermetic tradition then is an interesting one. By archetype we mean more Platonic archetype and not Jungian.

One key principle or more accurately axiom of Hermeticism is “As above, So below.” The concept of macro and microcosm. The universe in miniature and in full expanse, the self and the Self. Hermeticism textually goes back around 2000 years, or approx. 1st Cent CE. Of course all text documents, of such nature are often far older than their written equivalents, oral tradition can date things… but that’s an argument for another time.

Tarot then can be seen through this lens of the Hermetic Axiom. We can see the court cards and number cards as the Microcosm, or the self. The trumps then can be seen as the Macrocosm. The Macrocosm of course can be seen as the Nous or divine mind, the mind of the divine.


The above reading is interesting in that it is composed of three potent Macrocosmic images and two Microcosmic images.

Nous: “Mind”, The soul, not the same as ‘pneuma’ or spirit. It is the part of
the anima that gives us consciousness. The anima as a whole gives life (or
literally movement.. “animates”) to our bodies. Tatian declares the soul as a
special kind of spirit. (See; Tatian’s “Letter to the Greeks’)


Ogdoad: Regarded in some texts as the “eighth kingdom above the hebdomas.” It is the realm of the Demiurgos (or sometimes that is the 7th, with the eighth being that of Sabaoth), as well as usually being the realm of the zodiac
(dodecon). Sometimes it is also seen as the beginning of freedom from the
Archons, and the beginning of connection to the Aeons. Pythagoris says…
“The ogdoad–8–was sacred because it was the number of the first cube, which
form had eight corners, and was the only evenly-even number under 10
(1-2-4-8-4-2-1). Thus, the 8 is divided into two 4’s, each 4 is divided into two
2’s, and each 2 is divided into two 1’s, thereby reestablishing the monad. Among
the keywords of the ogdoad are love, counsel, prudence, law, and convenience.
Among the divinities partaking of its nature were Panarmonia, Rhea, Cibele,
Cadmæa, Dindymene, Orcia, Neptune, Themis, and Euterpe (a Muse).” (Thomas
Taylor’s Theoretic Arithmetic, Thought by one source to be the rarest and most
important compilation of Pythagorean mathematical fragments extant.)

”… the Ogdoad, which is the eighth, and that we might receive that place of
salvation.” (”The Testimony of Truth.” See also; ”A Valentinian
Exposition.”) ) The Sacred ogdoad according to some sources is: Barbelo (deep), Sige (silence), Nous (mind), Veritus (truth), Sermo (word), Vita (life), Homo (man), Ecclesia (church). The last member of the group acts to syncretize the group.


Rba , Rabai – elect priest, chief intator and the ordainer of new Mandaean priests. Holds the office known as rabuta. Compare to the Jewish “rabbi”.

Seth: ”From Adam three natures were begotten. The first was the irrational, which was Cain’s, the second the rational and just, which was Abel’s, the third the spiritual, which was Seth’s. Now that which is earthly is “according to the image,” that which is psychical according to the ” likeness ” of God, and that
which is spiritual is according to the real nature; and with refer­ence to these three, without the other children of Adam, it was said, “This is the book of the generation of men.” And because Seth was spiritual he neither tends flocks nor tills the soil but produces a child, as spiritual things do. And him, who “hoped
to call upon the name of the Lord” who looked upward and whose “citizenship is in heaven – him the world does not contain.” (Theodotus, Criddle Collection.)

Sethian: It is a name for a specific sect of Gnostics, but also a category created by scholars to refer to a number of sects that are related to Valentinians. The Sethians as a group were known to Hippolytus who dedicated Book Five in his work, ”The Refutation of All Hereseys,” to denouncing them. (See Gaffney) Seth was a character of Gnosticism who represented a savior figure and third son of Adam, founder of the Gnostic race. Generally Sethian works include, “Pistis Sophia,” “Allogenes,” ”The Gospel of Mary,*” “Sentences of Sextus,” “Marsanes,” “Gospel of The Egyptians,*” ”The Apocalypse of Adam,*”
“Origin of The World,” ”The Gospel of Thomas,*” ”The Gospel of Philip,” “The Three Steles of Seth,” “Melchizidek,” ”The Apocryphon of John,” ”The Gospel of Judas,” Trimorphic Protennoia,” the un-named text in the Bruce Codex, and ”Zostrianos.” (Others) Some Sethian works suggest strong ties with
Jewish Gnosticism, as well as Platonic thought, as well as Zoroasterism. (They maintained three principles; darkness below, light above, and spirit in-between, according to work attributed to Dr. Roy Blizzard, University of Texas. See also; ”Sethian Gnosticism, A Literary History,” Turner) see also; ( * Indicates works from the Nag Hammadi Lib., with other works by the same name.)

Sethian Monadology: The system of the monad, constructed through the tetraktys
of the decad, which serves as an underlying philosophy in Sethian Gnosticism. It
is developed from the creation myths. The system is like, and based upon that
of Pythagoreans, and resembles the principles of the ancient Chinese philosophy
of the Tai Chi., which is based upon the ogdoad. The system is based upon
working variations of numerical values. Turner states, ”….vigorous
arithmological speculation on the first ten numbers, but especially the first
four numbers, comprising the Pythagorean tetraktys (the {mode} of the first four
numbers). This was carried on by such Pythagoreanizing Platonists as Theon of
Smyrna and Nicomachus of Gerasa, who in turn depend in part on similar
arithmological and mathematical theories produced by such early first century
Platonist figures as Dercyllides, Adrastos of Aphrodisias (a Peripatetic
commentator on Plato’s Timaeus) and Thrasyllos, a court philosopher under the
Emperor Tiberius. The harmonic ratios produced by these first four numbers and
the geometric entities of point, line, surface, and solid had been applied to
the structure and the creation of the world soul long before by Plato and his
successors in the Old Academy, especially Speusippus and Xenocrates. (See;
Turner, See also; ”The History of Chinese Philosophy, Vol. 2.,” by Fung
Yu-Lan, Princeton, 1953, See also; ”A Valentinian Exposition.”)



The Sufi mystic Ibn al-Arabi drew a diagram similar to the one used to develop a pattern around a khatam (see above). However, Al-Arabi’s diagram’s diagram is concerned with spirituality, not ornamentation. He drew it as part of his explanation that “all phenomena are nothing but manifestations of Being, which is one with God.” Conincidentally, Al-Arabi was born in Spain at around the same time the practice of zillij, mosaic design, was starting to flourish. As Sufism had particular appeal to North Africa, his spirtual use of the pattern may explain the prolific use of the eight-point star and and symetries of eight in Moroccan Islamic patterns.


The number eight was important among Sufi mystics. “The octagon, with a ninth point in the center, is also central to the mystical symbology of Sufism. It is the seal or design which Ernest Scott says ‘reaches for the innermost secrets of man’. Meaning wholeness, power and perfection, this primary geometrical symbol is one which Sufis associate with Shambhala …”

On his website of natural patterns, Ian Alexander refers to the eight-point star as both the Sufi star and the Moroccan star. He offers the following explanation, as quoted from Friday mosque in Iran “Form is symbolised by the square. Expansion is symbolised by the square with triangles pointing outwards (an 8-pointed star). Contraction is symbolised by the square with triangles pointing inwards (a 4-pointed star). The two star-shapes together symbolise the cycle of creation, ‘the breath of the compassionate.’”

Origins and Meanings of the Eight-Point Star




The spiritual vacuuming that is my life, currently unborn children, helping young people on their late 20s… a place of worship is always difficult. Other people around me of course are aware of my spirituality, some approve, others don’t, others just find it weird.

As I become and am a Unitarian Universalist, I find hard to balance a head in the clouds versus the reality of UU ism. While my very thoughts and maps of belief and reality are fully colored by spiritual walking, this is difficult for others. At our church we have a discussion groups. I realize, I do find it difficult to not sound patronizing or to simply utter something that blows everyone’s minds (if I say anything at all…..which is more often the case, that I remain silent). This group has been going on decades before I joined, yet in that time, mysticism or more accurately, direct spiritual insight has not been discussed, or barely….

I remember my days as a depressed agnostic teen, overcome with the loss of my mother, I fell into the pit of Nihilism. This bleak self defeating world view and others similar to it…absurdism and other existentialist nightmarish world views. I remember years later, wanting, tasting, to cross the veil. To experience the inner planes. I did so, eventually in downtown Manhattan, NY.

Though as I have to remind myself

GNOSIS is for everyone, when they are ready, everyone is where they are meant to be…..

I guess this is one reason why I never really joined a church before, my interests were different to feeding the poor, protesting local government about bad public transport or any other social action activities; none of which are wrong…. just not my main focus… and I think that’s the problem…..when I perceive social action etc. being the main focus over actual mystical experience…….I guess, I imagined UUism would give me both. So far, it hasn’t.

I must get over myself… stop being a bung hole, realize that spirituality is, a lonely pursuit. Get a grip, work on myself, my failings…. help me to not see others as stupid, which is difficult as I do NOT view myself as advanced or anything approaching that term. I wonder how many struggle with this?

Though, I don’t see this as ever being resolved in our UU church, people are either atheists, humanists, damaged from fundamentalism or……. Having spoken to a church regulars husband at a dinner party, I am kind of coming to the sad conclusion he made in his refusal to attend reguarly because “not enough people were on a quest.”

Of course it doesn’t help that i’m an introvert and like to sound a person out before I share….. I mean, for inner walkers, how would conveying spiritual experiences go, to non walkers? Like discussing sex with a virgin?

Well that’s more rant, had to say it…. meaningless drivel. I wonder what if anyone else reading this attends a church which makes you smile……but leaves you wanting? Why is belief so scary? Why is praxis so scary? Who knows……probably it’s just me and no one could give a monkeys about discussing various cosmological variations…. why do UUs find beliefs so scary?


Thou hast sworn unto Thy servants, for Thou alone

art He who changest not, Thou alone art the Infinite

and Boundless One. Thou only art unengendered,

born of Thyself, Self-Father, Thou only art immaterial

and hast no stain, ineffable in Thy generation and

inconceivable in Thy manifestation. Hear us, then,

O Father Incorruptible, Father Immortal, God of

Hidden Beings, sole Light and Life, Alone beyond

Vision, only Unspeakable, only Unstainable, only

[Foundation] stone of Adamant, sole Primal Being,

for before Thee was nothing.

–Bruce Codex

The Gnosis Of The Light: A Translation Of The Untitled Apocalypse Contained In Codex Brucianus (Ibis Western Mystery Tradition)

gnostic crossDeep: (Bythos) The term ‘deep,’ refers to the concept of parent or parents. The term is used in the ”Untitled Text of the Bruce Codex.” This is from Irenaeus, ”Adversus Heraeses 1.8.5.” ” Ptolemy interpreted the prologue of John’s gospel (Jn 1:1-14) “Parent” is usually called “Father” or “the Deep.” “Loveliness” is usually called “Silence.” Tertullian, uses the term ‘depth.’ The term can refer to the levels of the abyss….”let the deep open and swallow these men: yea, Sabaoth.” (Acts of Philip.)

Garment: (Vesture) Meaning clothing, but in Gnostic terms can mean the flesh covering the body. Sometimes used in various references to wearing the soul or the idea of social position as a philosophical covering. From the Un-named text in the Bruce Codex: “This is Man, begotten of mind (nous) ‘, to whom thought gave form. It is thou who hast given all things to Man. And he has worn them like garment.”

”Chelkeach, who is my garment, who has come from the Astonishment, who was in the cloud of the Hymen which appeared, as a trimorphic cloud. Ane Chelkea is my garment which has two forms, he who was in the cloud of Silence. And Chelke is my garment which was given him from every region; it was given him in a single form from the greatness, he who was in the cloud of the middle region and the star of the Light which surpassed the thought and teh tetimony of those who bear witness.” (”The Paraphrase of Shem.”)

3 sunsfinal mini

In alchemic and Hermetic traditions, suns (Sun symbol.svg) are employed to symbolize a variety of concepts, much like the sun in astrology. Suns can correspond to gold, citrinitas, generative masculine principles, imagery of ‘the king’ or Apollo, the fiery spirit or sulfur,[1] the divine spark in man,[2] nobility, or incorruptibility. Recurring images of specific solar motifs can be found in the form of a “Dark” or “Black Sun”, or a green lion devouring a sun.

Sol niger

The black sun as pictured in the Putrifaction emblem of Philosophia Reformata (Johann Daniel Mylius).

Sol niger (black sun) can refer to the first stage of the alchemical magnum opus, the nigredo (blackening). In a text ascribed to Marsilio Ficino three suns are described: black, white, and red, corresponding to the three most used alchemical color stages. Of the sol niger he writes:

The body must be dissolved in the subtlest middle air: The body is also dissolved by its own heat and humidity; where the soul, the middle nature holds the principality in the colour of blackness all in the glass: which blackness of Nature the ancient Philosophers called the crows head, or the black sun.[3]

The black sun is used to illuminate the dissolution of the body, a blackening of matter, or putrefaction in Splendor Solis,[4] and Johann Daniel Mylius’s Philosophia Reformata.[5]

At the core of this was a vision of an alchemical process occurring through a cycle of colour changes, from an initial blackness to the perfection of the quintessence.
The alchemist envisaged each stage of the process being heralded by a colour change and a meeting with certain animals.

Blackening – Black Crow, Raven, Toad, Massa Confusa.
Whitening – White Swan, White Eagle, skeleton.
Greening – Green Lion.
Rapid cycling through iridescent colours – Peacock’s Tail.
White Stone – Unicorn.
Reddening – Pelican feeding young with its own blood, cockerel.
Final transmutation – Phoenix reborn from the fire.

The phase of Blackening which usually marked the beginning of the work, was brought about either by heating the prima materia in the process of Calcination (the ‘dry way’ of the alchemists), or by the process of Putrefaction, a slow rotting or digestion over a period of weeks or months (the so-called ‘wet way’). The Black Crow or Raven was often associated with this Calcination, for on vigorous heating the calcined material would usually carbonise and layers would flake off and move like a crow’s wings in the flask. The Toad was a better symbol of the Putrefaction, the decaying mass slowly pulsating and shifting as gasses were given off, while the substance rotted down to a black mass. Another symbol of this stage was the dragon, a familiar inhabitant of the alchemists flasks. The dragon is however a more complex symbol and is also used when winged as a symbol for the spiritualising of the earthly substance. Thus to the alchemists the dragon appeared at the beginning and at the end of the work.

The alchemists paralleled these experiences in their souls as a withdrawal into the darkness of their interior space, a darkness pregnant with possibility. We have to a great extent lost the sense that still lived in the medieval and renaissance alchemists, that this darkness contained all potentialities. Like children we fear the dark, and for twentieth century humanity darkness often holds only an existential dread – philosophers of science have in the last decade brought us this terrible image of the ‘Black Hole’ which swallows up and annihilates everything that comes into its orbit. Perhaps we do not gaze enough at the blackness of the heavens. For if we look deep into the blackness of space on a clear night, we will sense more stars hidden between the known visible stars, especially in the vast star fields of the Milky Way. Cosmic space is pregnant with the possibility of other worlds as yet unseen. It is this image of blackness we must try to recover if we are to become alchemists. An echo of this perhaps remains in the often used phrase “a profound darkness”. In alchemy, to meet with the black crow is a good omen. Thus in the Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz, as our hero sets out on his journey of transformation, he meets with a Crow which by a turn of fate decides which among the various paths open to him is the one that will lead him to the Castle of the King.

The three Suns. That above, most familiar. That within, seen in an instant, in a fleeting moment that may take a moment or a life time to see. Below the Sun at midnight. The interior Sun or Star, deep within the Earth itself.

Perhaps a supreme expression of the maxim As Above so Below. The interior pereption and exierience there in of. A hidden secret.



This I Believe:
There is a light in all of us, and the more we search out ways to express ourselves, the brighter that light shines. Whether your passion be baseball, or computers, or painting, or eating, laughing, hiking, biking, films, teaching, listening, or cooking, whenever you engage yourself in doing something that you love you make the world a little bit brighter. Through finding your own source of enthusiasm and love, you invite others to do the same in their own way, and you spread the joy that comes with truly living.
While it can be all too easy to just sit back and watch life go by, don’t forget about the things that make a difference in your life, the people that inspire you, and the dreams that help nudge you out of bed in the morning.

I believe that we all want to become a better version of ourselves, and that we are continually given chances to step up and challenge ourselves to be better. We just have to be willing to welcome those challenges, and see them as gifts rather than curses. It all depends on the perspective you choose to take. What will you choose today? Will you simply sit back, and let others take the lead, or will you step up and conquer your fear and indifference, break out of your shell, and take actions that better yourself and the world? I believe that what you focus on grows: the more you complain, the more reasons to complain will appear; the more you see life as a blessing, the more blessings will pour out into your waiting arms. Rejoice in what life has to offer, and help to open others’ eyes the the beauty and opportunity that surrounds us at every moment. We are given a great power: free will. Because of this power we are always given a choice. We may not be able to change our outer circumstances (at least not in the short run), but we can always change the way we think about something. The power of the mind is incredible! It can drag us down into the depths, or it can liberate us! Find the joy in your life today–take a chance, challenge yourself and see the resulting growth, dare to become more alive! And best of all, as you become a brighter light, so will those around you catch your reflection, and the world will be filled with suns, moons and stars…

The formula of spagyrics is similar to that of Solve et Coagula – to separate and recombine. This is the backbone of alchemy. In slightly less basic alchemical procedures, distillation is used to separate organic matter into these three principles using distillation – yielding unpurified salt in the form of black ash, essential oil, and the spirit of the plant. These are each purified after separation, and recombined, creating a purified instance of the original subject which is then consumed.

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