part 2
On the Twenty

A Commentary on Selected
Verses from Chandrakirti’s
Entrance to the Middle Way

The Venerable Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rinpoche

spoke about the Twenty Emptinesses on June 22,
1997, at Kagyu Shenpen Ösel Chöling in Seattle.
The following is an edited transcription of that

teaching, which was given in Tibetan and orally translated by Ari Goldfield.




For these reasons, form’s nature is emptiness;

Therefore form is empty of being form. Sounds, odors, things that are tasted, and

what the body feels too,

All these phenomena are exactly the same.


Form and so forth have no essential nature:
This very lack of essence is called “emptiness

of the outer.” (184)

Form—what is smelled, what is tasted, what is
touched, what is heard, what is seen—none of
these have any inherent nature. They are just like
the appearances in dreams. Remembering that, we
rest the mind in meditation. This is the same as
the view expressed in Chapter 14 of Nagarjuna’s
Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way, which
looks at the object that is seen, what sees, and the
seer, and shows that none of them have any true

So for example, in a dream the form that is
seen, the eye that sees, and the person who is
seeing, none of these ever really meet because they
do not have any essence. In the Heart Sutra it
says, there is no form, no sound, no smell, no taste,
no touch, no phenomena. It is the same meaning