Parallel: The ”Five Gospels,” by Funk, Harper, 1993, pg. 544, states that a
gospel parallel, is one where, ”In a gospel parallel or synopsis the gospels
are arranged in parallel columns with matching materials opposite each other.”

In the case of literary dependence referencing a parallel, Karen King suggests
the following criteria in determining the characteristic of viable literary
dependence. (parallel) The reference to this work is… (”The Gospel of Mary
Magdala
,” King, Polebridge, 2003. pg. 110.)

1. Extensive word-for-word similarity, (citation).
2. Similar arrangement or ordering of materials.
3. Similar narrative context or meaning.
4. The use of a citation formula. (For instance each saying in the ”Gospel of
Thomas,” starts with ‘Jesus said,’ or someone talking to him, in an obvious
schema. {My insertion} King uses, ”as it is written,” and ….)
5. Use of language specific to the source work.

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Parousia: To be present, pertaining to the Second Coming of Christ in
Apocalyptic works. (See; “Apocalypse of Peter,” Nag Hammadi Lib.)

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Paul: ”In the type of the Paraclete, Paul became the Apostle of the
Resur­rection. Immediately after the Lord’s Passion he also was sent to
preach.” (Theodotus) Paul was originally Saul of Tarsus, who persecuted
Gnostics. He is thought to have been present during the execution of Stephan the
first Martyr.

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Pharisatha: Name given to Jesus in Syriac, according to the “Gospel of Phillip.”

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Pharisees: The name means ‘the separated ones.’ Pharisees were a lay movement
of the Jewish Temple noted for their adherence to Jewish law. (See; Saducee. See
also; ”The Five Gospels.”)

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Pharmakeia: Is roughly equivalent to witchcraft. Contrary to the accusations of the heresiologists, Gnostic writers seemed to be against any form of sympathetic magic or divination. The reason for this is not that it doesn’t necessarily work, but that it’s focus is still within the hylic and psychic spheres of
thought. ESP, astrology etc. are only applicable to the realm of Heimarene.
(See; Heimarene.)

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Philo Judaeus: (25 BCE- 50 CE) A Jewish philosopher of Alexandria who synthesized the Old Testament with Greek and Pythagorean philosophies. Was considered by most as a Jewish Gnostic. (See; ”Stromata.”)

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Pistis: “Faith.” Usually in regard to having faith in Jesus for salvation.

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